Arthritis – Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment of Arthritis
Arthritis is a very common problem affecting a very large population around the globe. It is particularly a nightmare for people entering into elder ages. Arthritis makes the person unable to indulge in his routine activities and thus infusing a feeling of disability in the patient mind.
Arthritis basically attacks joints that connect our bones. The importance of joints lie in the fact that joint binds our bones together and helps moving our skeleton. So, if due to some reasons the joints in any part of our body lose their proper functionality then obviously that part will refuse moving in its full stretch.
Arthritis makes the joints inflamed and stiff and thus restricting or totally vanishing its functionality. Moreover these inflamed and swollen joints create rigorous pain while moving the respective part of the body. Depending upon the number of joints in our skeleton structure and their inherent functionality; we have a long list of arthritis types. Among which Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and infectious arthritis are most prevalent.
What Causes Arthritis
Most of the times, the underlying cause behind arthritis cannot be attributed to just a single factor, rather it may be a combination of more than one. Many researches reveal that some genetic reasons may invite some arthritis forms.
For obese persons, due to extra loading on joints, they may be some sort of damage in the joints or cartilage parts and thus increase the risk of arthritis particularly related to knees and hips. With the increase in age joint lose the natural lubrication in the bones and thus become stiff to cause arthritis pain. Some prior injury, autoimmunity or infection may also cause arthritis.
Blood Tests to Diagnose Arthritis
Usually the chronic pain itself indicates arthritis, but to know exact type of arthritis you are suffering from, we have some internal as well as external tests. A general physical exam by the physician may help him finding the nature of symptoms and predict the type of arthritis. To know more specifically about the arthritis causes, there are a few blood tests listed below:
It may or may not fully explain the actual cause behind arthritis, but surely can provide some clue. In blood tests, the first thing to check is the number and health of RBCs in the blood to find anemia, since anemia patient are much likely to develop arthritis. It may also give an indication about the autoimmunity in the person, one of the reasons for arthritis.
C-reactive Protein (CRP test)
C- reactive protein is a type of protein whose amount in the blood gives an indication of inflammation in the joints. Their high number may invite arthritis.
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR test)
This is yet another blood test that may also help in determining the cause of arthritis. Besides these internal tests, we can take the help of X-ray or MRI scan to test for some internal injury that may cause arthritis.
Medications to Treat Arthritis
There are plenty of medicines available to treat arthritis, but always consult your doctor before experimenting yourself.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
These are the most prescribed medication for treating arthiritis. NSAIDs contains many medicines under its name. But doctor advice is must before using any of the NSAIDs medicines.
Balms, lotions and Ointments
There are plenty of balms, lotions and ointments available in the markets that are used for relieving arthritis pain. Though they just provide temporary relief, but surely they make a fast effect.
Disease-modifying ant Rheumatic Drugs (DMARDs)
These are particularly used in rheumatoid arthiritis. These are not actually very common in use, but may be very effective in some forms of arthritis.
These are given to patient suffering from arthritis due to autoimmunity. They are available in tablets form as well as injections.
If everything you try to treat arthritis, goes worthless. Then though risky and painful, but you are left with this last option i.e. to go for some surgical operation.
There are many types of surgeries that you can opt; depending upon your arthritis types. Arthroplasty, arthrodesis, osteotomy, revision joint surgery, synovectomy and total joint replacement are some of the surgeries that can make you get rid of arthritis pain may be forever.