What is Asthma? Causes, Symptoms And Possible Treatment
Asthma is one of the most severe diseases around. It is characterized with chronic cough and breath-shortening which many a times also accompanied by chest tightening. The worst thing about asthma is its chronic nature.
Once you are attacked by asthma, it will keep irritating you for a very long time that may extend even for the whole life, since still there has not been found any permanent solution in medical science for asthma. What we can do is just to contain its perseverance levels.
Asthma attacks lungs and severely interrupts its normal functioning. Affected lungs lose its capability to pass a full flow of air through it and cause breathe shortening. Airways become inflamed and swollen and produce obstructions in air passing. Some inhaled external allergic entities catalyze its symptoms by partially blocking the airways. Moreover asthma attacks the children more than the adults and becomes more troublesome at night and in early morning.
What Cause Asthma
The primary cause behind asthma is the tightening of airways which consequently don’t let enough oxygen to pass through and obstruct the normal breathing. Many studies emphasize on genetic factors as the most contributing factors behind asthma. A person with asthma affected family history is more likely to get asthma attacks.
But usually there are plenty of external entities that trigger asthma attacks. Pollutant environment full of dust, smoke, animal dander or other such irritants trigger a series of asthma episodes. People having acid reflux are also more prone to asthma attacks.
Asthma Treatment and Drugs
Treatment of asthma depends upon the persistence levels of asthma. Before treating asthma it is diagnosed first to find out what persistence level of asthma is troubling the patient. There are some diagnosis tests for this.
It is one of the most common tests used to diagnose the persistence levels of asthma. In spirometry the functionality of lungs is checked to see how efficiently they are working in breathing process. Being a chronic disease as asthma is, spirometry is carried very regularly to check how much comfortable you are while exhaling and inhaling.
(b) Peak Flow Meter
It is a similar tool to determine the severity of asthma. It measures the fastest speed with which the air is passed out when exhaling after taking a full inhalation of air while breathing. Peak flow meter gives an idea of the airways tightening and helps the persistence levels of asthma.
Medication for asthma patient depends upon triggering factors, age and the persistence level of asthma. Primarily two types of medication are provided to asthma patient, these are described as follows:
Medication to Subside the Asthma Symptoms
These medicines help in controlling the asthma symptoms and basically to minimize the swelling and inflammation of airways .These are not meant for instant relief and thus has to be taken for a very long period. Corticosteroids, long acting beta agonist, theophylline, leukotriene modifiers, cromolyn (injection) and omalisumab (nebulizer), all come in this category.
Quick Relief Medicines
Sometimes symptoms rise so abruptly and need to be calmed instantly. For this purpose quick relief medicines have been developed. Short acting beta agonists are most commonly used for the purpose. Plenty of medicines come under this category. But take proper medical consultancy before using these medicines as they may cause some very serious aftershocks.
Emergency Asthma Treatment
When the patient feels severe trouble in breathing and his face turn pale and sweaty, nails and lips start turning blue and he becomes speechless, then he needs emergency treatment. Usually patient is taken to the hospital and given oxygen instantly and then further treatment is carried out.